Enumclaw's population decreased 4 percent between 2000 and 2010, according to new data released by the U.S. Census Bureau on Wednesday.
The city's overall population dipped slightly from 11,116 in 2000 to 10,669 in 2010, a decrease of 447, or 4 percent. The number of adults (age 18 and older) counted in the city rose by 2.3 percent, from 7,871 in 2000 to 8,051 in 2010.
Taking the difference, it appears that those under age 18 decreased by 19.3 percent, from 3,245 in 2000 to 2,618 in 2010.
The Enumclaw School District has been aware of declining student enrollment numbers over the years. According to data from the state Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, overall enrollment in the district had been 5,201 in October 2000; it had decreased to 4,757 by October 2009.
At the same time, OSPI data indicates that the enrollment of Hispanic students has risen 123.5 percent from October 2000 to October 2009, from 166 to 371; and that trend is paralleled by the latest census numbers for the city, which saw an 85 percent increase in people who identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino.
"It very much parallels some of the things we're seeing in the school district," said Enumclaw School Superintendent Mike Nelson. "Our largest English language learning population would be our Hispanic population in the last 10 years."
On the commercial front, the Hispanic and Latino population is also making its mark. Kristen Damazio, the marketing and events manager at the Enumclaw Expo Center, indicated during a City Council workshop examining how to help the center become sustainable and profitable, that her team is targeting the Spanish-speaking market in booking future rentals of the center's facilities.
Damazio said Tuesday that in December 2010, she placed an ad in the Spanish-language newspaper La Raza which helped draw attention towards the center as a great venue for any variety of events including quinceañeras. "Since mid-December, it's resulted in seven bookings of the Exhibit Hall -- six in 2011 and one in 2012 -- and these would net anywhere from $1,500 to $2,500 in one day, which is really good for what has been netted in the Exhibit Hall in the past," she said.
Different Direction for the Greater Plateau
Despite the decline, the greater Enumclaw Plateau area, known as the Enumclaw Plateau CCD (Census County Division), saw an overall population increase of 17.7 percent, from 53,853 in 2000 to 63,367 in 2010.
Rick Campbell, a geographic coordinator for the Seattle region of the U.S. Census Bureau, explained that the boundaries that surround this CCD area don't necessarily fall in line with the distribution of the 98022 zip code, but there are overlaps. Detailed boundary maps indicate the eastern edge of the CCD extends all the way to the King County/Kittitas County border; the Snoqualmie CCD bounds it to the north, while Kent and the Pierce County line bound it to the west and south.
Consequently, the Enumclaw Plateau CCD area represents roughly five times the population of the city of Enumclaw.
And in this CCD, though the Hispanic and Latino population also grew 127.2 percent from 2000 to 2010, the largest population increase, by percentage was seen with African Americans, which grew from just 367 in 2000 to 1,169 in 2010.
By the NumbersCity of Enumclaw 2000 2010 Percentage Change Total Population 11,116 10,669 -4% White 10,276 9,467 -7.9% Black/African American 31 39 25.8% American Indian and Alaska Native 82 101 23.2% Asian 86 97 12.8% Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Islander 12 15 25% Hispanic/Latino 380 703 85% Other 15 10 -33.3% Two or more races 234 237 1.3%
Enumclaw Plateau CCD 2000 2010 Percentage Change Total Population 53,853 63,367 17.7% White 47,939 51,468 7.4% Black/African American 367 1,169 218.5% American Indian and Alaska Native 1,238 1,495 16.5% Asian 874 2585 195.8% Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Islander 76 240 215.8% Hispanic/Latino 1,932 4,389 127.2% Other 75 85 8% Two or more races 1,307 1,940 48.4%
The State as a Whole
Washington state’s population rose about 14 percent in the past decade, reaching 6,724,540 in 2010. The state is slightly more diverse, with 77 percent of the population identifying themselves as white, vs. 82 percent in 2000.
The Hispanic and Latino population, like in the Enumclaw area, grew the fastest, rising 71 percent to about three-quarters of a million people. That group makes up about 11 percent of the state’s population, up from 7.5 percent in 2000.
Among people who identified themselves as one race, the population of native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders grew the fastest, up 69 percent. Asians grew 49 percent; blacks grew 26 percent; American Indian and Alaska natives grew 11 percent; and the white population rose just under 8 percent. People who identified themselves as “Some Other Race” rose 53 percent.
People who identified themselves as two or more races rose 47 percent. They’re still just a small portion of the population, at about 313,000, or just under 5 percent.
King County’s population grew 11 percent from 2000 to 2010.